The epistemological relations between science and technology are a relatively under-explored topic. I started thinking about these issues a while ago, prompted by the practice of an emerging area of research: exposomics, or the science of exposure. (See e.g. this project.)
I presented some sketchy thoughts at SPT in Lisbon in 2013, and here is where my thinking on this issue is leading to. Still a lot of work to do before I can have some papers, but there we go.