Evaluating evidence in medicine

The role of evidence in science is a topic of great interest to philosophers of science. This project is concerned more specifically with the role of evidence in medical science and health policy:

Overarching research question [Q] How can evidence of mechanisms be considered alongside evidence of correlation to evaluate causal claims in medical research and health policy?

The answer to this overarching question will build on answers to following questions:
[EM: Evidence of Mechanisms] What is evidence of a mechanism, and how do we get it?

[QE: Quality of Evidence] How can quality of evidence be characterised?

[PC: Philosophy of Causality] Which accounts of causality best fit the programme for integrating evidence of mechanisms with evidence of correlation?

The project is a collaboration between:

  • The Centre for Reasoning at the University of Kent,
  • The department of Science and Technology Studies at University College London (UCL),
  • The department of Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam (UvA),
  • The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE),
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC),
  • The Institute of Public Health at Cambridge University,
  • The Medical School at Leiden University.

To find out more: Project page and EBM+ consortium